1.4. cURL: Your Command Line Friend

The curl utility is a command line tool available on Unix, Linux, Mac OS X, Windows, and many other platforms. curl provides easy access to the HTTP protocol (among others) directly from the command line and is therefore an ideal way of interacting with CouchDB over the HTTP REST API.

For simple GET requests you can supply the URL of the request. For example, to get the database information:

shell> curl http://admin:password@

This returns the database information (formatted in the output below for clarity):

  "couchdb": "Welcome",
  "version": "3.0.0",
  "git_sha": "83bdcf693",
  "uuid": "56f16e7c93ff4a2dc20eb6acc7000b71",
  "features": [
  "vendor": {
    "name": "The Apache Software Foundation"


For some URLs, especially those that include special characters such as ampersand, exclamation mark, or question mark, you should quote the URL you are specifying on the command line. For example:

shell> curl 'http://couchdb:5984/_uuids?count=5'


On Microsoft Windows, use double-quotes anywhere you see single-quotes in the following examples. Use doubled double-quotes (“”) anywhere you see single double-quotes. For example, if you see:

shell> curl -X PUT '' -d '{"motto": "I love gnomes"}'

you should replace it with:

shell> curl -X PUT "" -d "{""motto"": ""I love gnomes""}"

If you prefer, ^" and \" may be used to escape the double-quote character in quoted strings instead.

You can explicitly set the HTTP command using the -X command line option. For example, when creating a database, you set the name of the database in the URL you send using a PUT request:

shell> curl -X PUT http://user:pass@

But to obtain the database information you use a GET request (with the return information formatted for clarity):

shell> curl -X GET http://user:pass@
    "compact_running" : false,
    "doc_count" : 0,
    "db_name" : "demo",
    "purge_seq" : 0,
    "committed_update_seq" : 0,
    "doc_del_count" : 0,
    "disk_format_version" : 5,
    "update_seq" : 0,
    "instance_start_time" : "0",
    "disk_size" : 79

For certain operations, you must specify the content type of request, which you do by specifying the Content-Type header using the -H command-line option:

shell> curl -H 'Content-Type: application/json'

You can also submit ‘payload’ data, that is, data in the body of the HTTP request using the -d option. This is useful if you need to submit JSON structures, for example document data, as part of the request. For example, to submit a simple document to the demo database:

shell> curl -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
            -X POST http://user:pass@ \
            -d '{"company": "Example, Inc."}'

In the above example, the argument after the -d option is the JSON of the document we want to submit.

The document can be accessed by using the automatically generated document ID that was returned:

shell> curl -X GET http://user:pass@
 "company":"Example, Inc."}

The API samples in the API Basics show the HTTP command, URL and any payload information that needs to be submitted (and the expected return value). All of these examples can be reproduced using curl with the command-line examples shown above.