3.14. Proxying Configuration

3.14.1. CouchDB As Proxy

The HTTP proxy feature makes it easy to map and redirect different content through your CouchDB URL. The proxy works by mapping a pathname and passing all content after that prefix through to the configured proxy address.

Configuration of the proxy redirect is handled through the [httpd_global_handlers] section of the CouchDB configuration file (typically local.ini). The format is:

[httpd_global_handlers]
PREFIX = {couch_httpd_proxy, handle_proxy_req, <<"DESTINATION">>}

Where:

  • PREFIX

    Is the string that will be matched. The string can be any valid qualifier, although to ensure that existing database names are not overridden by a proxy configuration, you can use an underscore prefix.

  • DESTINATION

    The fully-qualified URL to which the request should be sent. The destination must include the http prefix. The content is used verbatim in the original request, so you can also forward to servers on different ports and to specific paths on the target host.

The proxy process then translates requests of the form:

http://couchdb:5984/PREFIX/path

To:

DESTINATION/path

Note

Everything after PREFIX including the required forward slash will be appended to the DESTINATION.

The response is then communicated back to the original client.

For example, the following configuration:

[httpd_global_handlers]
_google = {couch_httpd_proxy, handle_proxy_req, <<"http://www.google.com">>}

Would forward all requests for http://couchdb:5984/_google to the Google website.

The service can also be used to forward to related CouchDB services, such as Lucene:

[httpd_global_handlers]
_fti = {couch_httpd_proxy, handle_proxy_req, <<"http://127.0.0.1:5985">>}

Note

The proxy service is basic. If the request is not identified by the DESTINATION, or the remainder of the PATH specification is incomplete, the original request URL is interpreted as if the PREFIX component of that URL does not exist.

For example, requesting http://couchdb:5984/_intranet/media when /media on the proxy destination does not exist, will cause the request URL to be interpreted as http://couchdb:5984/media. Care should be taken to ensure that both requested URLs and destination URLs are able to cope.