Before we move on, we need some theory.
As you see in
etc/default.ini there is a section called [cluster]
[cluster] q=8 r=2 w=2 n=3
q- The number of shards.
r- The number of copies of a document with the same revision that have to be read before CouchDB returns with a
200and the document. If there is only one copy of the document accessible, then that is returned with
w- The number of nodes that need to save a document before a write is returned with
201. If the nodes saving the document is
n- The number of copies there is of every document. Replicas.
When creating a database or doing a read or write you can send your own values
with request and thereby overriding the defaults in
We will focus on the shards and replicas for now.
A shard is a part of a database. The more shards, the more you can scale out. If you have 4 shards, that means that you can have at most 4 nodes. With one shard you can have only one node, just the way CouchDB 1.x is.
Replicas adds fail resistance, as some nodes can be offline without everything comes crashing down.
n=1All nodes must be up.
n=2Any 1 node can be down.
n=3Any 2 nodes can be down.
Computers go down and sysadmins pull out network cables in a furious rage from
time to time, so using
n<2 is asking for downtime. Having too high a value
n adds servers and complexity without any real benefit. The sweetspot is
Say that we have a database with 3 replicas and 4 shards. That would give us a maximum of 12 nodes. 4*3=12 Every shard have 3 copies.
We can lose any 2 nodes and still read and write all documents.
What happens if we lose more nodes? It depends on how lucky we are. As long as there is at least one copy of every shard online, we can read and write all documents.
So, if we are very lucky then we can lose 8 nodes at maximum.